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It’s been a busy few days for American diplomacy, with three dozen nations ending up at the receiving end of threats, ultimatums and sanctions this week alone. And it’s only Friday.

对美国外交来说,这几天很忙,仅本周就有36个国家受到威胁、最后通牒和制裁。今天才星期五。



Mexico is the latest target, slapped with 5 percent tariffs on each and every export, gradually increasing to 25 percent until it stops the flow of Latin American migrants into the US, thus fulfilling one of President Donald Trump’s election promises. Most of those migrants aren’t even from Mexico.

墨西哥是最新的目标,对每项出口征收5%的关税,逐渐增加到25%,直到它阻止拉丁美洲的移民流入美国,从而实现唐纳德·特朗普总统的选举承诺之一。这些移民中的大多数甚至都不是来自墨西哥。



The entire European Union could be facing punishment if it tries to trade with Iran using its non-dollar humanitarian mechanism to bypass the American embargo. Having worked hard on the 2015 nuclear deal with Tehran, which has repeatedly been confirmed to be working, EU member states are not ready to ditch trade at Trump’s whim – and US Special Representative to Iran Brian Hook on Thursday reaffirmed the threat of CAATSA sanctions.Cuba, the rediscovered scapegoat of the Trump administration’s newfound anti-socialist drive, is being called out for supporting Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro. On his Thursday visit to Canada, US Vice President Mike Pence said Ottawa must stop Havana’s “malign influence” on Caracas’ affairs – despite Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s meek objections that it could play a “positive role” in settling the crisis there.

如果整个欧盟试图利用其非美元人道主义机制绕过美国的禁运与伊朗进行贸易,那么它可能会面临惩罚。在与德黑兰达成2015年核协议(该协议已被多次证实有效)后,欧盟成员国尚未准备好根据特朗普的意愿放弃贸易--美国驻伊朗特别代表布赖恩·胡克周四重申了CAATSA制裁的威胁。作为特朗普政府新发现的反社会主义运动的替罪羊,古巴正被要求支持委内瑞拉总统尼古拉斯·马杜罗。美国副总统迈克·彭斯周四访问加拿大时表示,渥太华必须停止哈瓦那对加拉加斯事务的"恶劣影响"--尽管总理贾斯汀·特鲁多温和地反对,这可能在解决加拉加斯危机方面发挥“积极作用”。



American influence, built up over decades, is undeniable: even its adversaries depend on the US dollar and are arguably at the mercy of its myriad military bases all over the globe. Trump and his hawkish inner circle have been more than willing to spend that credit by shouting at everyone to get in line.

几十年来建立起来的美国影响力是不可否认的:即使是它的对手也依赖于美元,而且可以说是受其遍布全球的无数军事基地的支配。特朗普和他的鹰派核心集团非常愿意消费他的信用威胁让每个人老老实实听话。